Predicting Brain Health: How Your Walking Habits Offer Early Warning Signs

Walking habits and brain health

Discover how your walking habits can offer early warnings for brain health. A recent study highlights the link between multitasking while walking, cognitive function, and brain aging. Find out how this simple test can uncover early signs of dementia risk.

A recent study published in the Lancet Healthy Longevity [mfn][/mfn] has shed light on the intriguing relationship between walking habits, cognitive function, and brain health. The findings suggest that the ability to multitask while walking, particularly in middle age, could serve as an indicator of accelerated brain aging or pre-symptomatic neurodegenerative conditions. This simple yet insightful test may help identify individuals at higher risk of developing dementia later in life. Let’s explore the study’s key findings and implications.

The Decline in Dual-Task Walking Performance:

Walking is a complex activity often performed concurrently with other tasks. However, as individuals age, the ability to multitask while walking can decline. Researchers have discovered that this decline typically starts around the age of 55, a full decade earlier than the previously assumed threshold of old age at 65. Interestingly, this decline in dual-task walking ability is not primarily attributed to physical changes but rather to cognitive shifts and alterations in brain function.

Significance of Dual-Task Walking:

Dual-task walking refers to the act of walking while simultaneously engaging in another cognitive task, such as mental arithmetic or conversation. The study highlighted that this form of multitasking puts stress on the brain’s motor control system, as the two tasks compete for shared cognitive resources. The capacity to handle this stress and maintain performance in both tasks is considered a critical brain function that diminishes with age. Importantly, the study found that changes in this resilience occur much earlier than previously believed.

Link to Brain Health and Dementia Risk:

The research suggests that poor dual-task walking performance in middle age may be an early indication of accelerated brain aging or pre-symptomatic neurodegenerative conditions. Individuals who struggle with multitasking while walking face a higher risk of negative health consequences, including falls and dementia. By assessing a large cohort of individuals aged 40 to 64, the researchers identified subtle yet significant changes in gait performance during dual-task walking, particularly starting in the middle of the sixth decade of life.

Implications and Future Research:

The study’s findings have crucial implications for identifying early signs of dementia risk and understanding the relationship between walking, cognitive function, and brain health. Although dual-task walking performance generally declines with age, not all individuals fit this pattern. Some participants aged 60 or older performed as well as those in their 50s or younger. This suggests that dual-task walking ability does not inevitably decline with age, and certain individuals may be more resistant to the effects of aging. Future research aims to explore the lifestyle and modifiable factors that support the maintenance of dual-task performance into old age and develop interventions targeting these factors.

Other Benefits of Walking

Incorporating walking into your daily routine can bring numerous benefits for both your physical and mental well-being. Walking is a simple and accessible form of exercise that can be easily integrated into your day-to-day life. Whether you choose to take short walks during your breaks, walk to nearby destinations instead of driving, or dedicate specific time for a longer stroll, adding walking to your routine can have a positive impact. It helps improve cardiovascular health, strengthens muscles and bones, aids in weight management, and enhances overall fitness levels. Additionally, walking outdoors provides an opportunity to connect with nature, reduce stress, and clear your mind. Making walking a regular part of your routine is a small but powerful step towards a healthier and more active lifestyle.


The ability to multitask while walking can provide valuable insights into brain health and cognitive function. The decline in dual-task walking performance starting at around age 55 may serve as an early warning sign of accelerated brain aging or pre-symptomatic neurodegenerative conditions. By recognizing and monitoring these changes, healthcare professionals can potentially identify individuals at increased risk of developing dementia later in life. This research opens avenues for further investigation into interventions and lifestyle factors that can preserve dual-task walking abilities and support healthy brain aging.

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